Cape Verde


The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cape Verde subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Following independence in 1975, and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau, a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990. Cape Verde continues to exhibit one of Africa's most stable democratic governments. Repeated droughts during the second half of the 20th century caused significant hardship and prompted heavy emigration. As a result, Cape Verde's expatriate population is greater than its domestic one. Most Cape Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.


noun: Cape Verdean(s)
adjective: Cape Verdean
Ethnic Groups:

Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%

Portuguese (official), Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)

Roman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs), Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene)

523,568 (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171

Major Cities - Population:

PRAIA (capital) 125,000 (2009)

Percent Urbanization61 %
Total People Groups6
Unreached People Groups0
RegionWest and Central Africa
10/40 WindowNo
Official National LanguagePortuguese
Primary ReligionChristianity
Percent Christian Adherent94.5%  [1]
Percent Evangelical6.6%  [2]
Country Progress Level3.2 
Persecution RankingNot ranked (1=High to 50=Low OD)
Human Development Index0.534 (0=Low to 1=High UN)

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